The Creative Web

Computational Creativity as a Web-Service


KAIST Institute, December 3 – 4, 2012



An international symposium hosted by the

Web Science & Technology Division* of KAIST,

the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

*(funded by the Korean NRF World-Class-University program)

Organizers: Tony Veale (KAIST and UCD) and Key-Sun Choi (KAIST)

Please send all queries and your intention to submit to: KaistCreativeWeb@gmail.com


The KAIST WebST division, in cooperation with the Korean National Research Fund’s World Class University program, is proud to announce an international symposium that will explore the technological convergence of two exciting fields of Computer Science: Web Science and Computational Creativity. This two-day event will bring together a wealth of international research experience in the computational modeling of creative processes, and will establish a new direction for human and machine creativity in the Web era.

Invited Speakers

The following international researchers will speak at the symposium:

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Simon Colton (Imperial College, UK)

Dr. Colton is a prominent figure in the computational creativity community, and is widely known for his work in automated mathematical discovery, and for his remarkable art generator The Painting Fool. He is an ESPRC leadership fellow in Computational Creativity.

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Gerard de Melo (UC Berkeley, USA)

Dr. de Melo is a Visiting Scholar at UC Berkeley’s ICSI Artificial Intelligence group. He holds a PhD from the Max Planck Institute for Informatics in Germany and has published award-winning papers on extracting large amounts of world knowledge from the Web.

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Pablo Gervás (Univ. Complutense de Madrid)

Dr. Gervás is an AI/NLP researcher with a long record of research in computational creativity, with a special emphasis on the automatic generation of narratives, poems and literary texts. He is director of UCM’s institute for knowledge technologies in Spain.

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Oliviero Stock (IRST, Italy)

Dr. Stock joined IRST in 1988 (director 1997—2001). He is author of over 200 papers on AI, NLP, UI, humor analysis, and other cognitive technologies. He serves on the board of a dozen journals, has been chairman of ECCAI and president of ACL, and is an AAAI fellow.

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Carlo Strapparava (FBK-IRST, Italy)

Dr. Strapparava is a senior researcher in Human Language Technologies at FBK-IRST. His research covers AI, NLP, UI, cognitive science, adaptive hypermedia, lexical semantics, knowledge representation, and the computational treatments of creative and humorous language.

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Hannu Toivonen (Univ. of Helsinki, Finland)

Dr. Toivonen has been at the forefront of data mining since the 1990s, successfully applying new techniques to gene mapping, bioinformatics, ecology and telecoms. He now explores the convergence of data mining and computational creativity, to support creative uses and understanding of large data sets.

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Tony Veale (KAIST, Korea and UCD, Ireland)

Dr. Veale is a WCU-funded visiting professor in the Web Science & Technology division of KAIST. He is author of Exploding the Creativity Myth: The Computational Foundations of Linguistic Creativity, and coordinator of PROSECCO, an EU-funded project to advance the field of Computational Creativity.

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Dan Ventura (Brigham Young University, USA)

Dr. Ventura’s research focuses on creating artificial intelligent systems that incorporate robustness, adaptation and creativity, both to explore foundational issues (what is creativity? how do we measure it?) and develop real working systems (visual art, musical composition, recipe generation)


Opening Ceremony

We are also pleased to announce that the symposium will be opened by the Daejeon Education superintendent Dr. Shin-Ho Kim. Dr. Kim has a research background in the psychology of human creativity, and has published extensively in the area of educational psychology.



Research Focus

Topics of discussion will include: visual creativity, painting and poetry; emotion and affective reasoning; world-knowledge and its acquisition from the web; computational models of humor; machine-learning for creativity; knowledge discovery in scientific domains; linguistic creativity; the web as a force magnifier for creativity research; industry-relevant uses of the Creative Web; the future of computational creativity; and related issues of Web architecture. Please see the bottom of this page for more detail on the vision of the Creative Web that will explored in the symposium.

Outputs

To technological vision of the Creative Web that emerges from the symposium will be published in a special issue of a leading academic journal. This special issue will provide a research manifesto for future work in the fusion of Computational Creativity and Web Science.

Schedule

Talks will be scheduled for December 3rd and 4th, 2012, at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) in Yuseong, Daejeon.

Monday, December 3rd

9am                Welcome, Opening Remarks by Prof. Kim, Shin-Ho,  Superintendant of Education for the Daejeon Region

10am              Tony Veale:  Linguistic Creativity as an On-Demand Web Service

11am              Coffee break

11:30am        Oliviero StockComputational humor, from language creativity to automated persuasion

12:30pm         Lunch break

2pm                Simon Colton:  Automatic Generation of Flowcharts of Web services for Creative Projects

3pm                Coffee and posters

4pm                Gerard de MeloTapping the Collective Intelligence of the Web

5pm                General Discussion

Tuesday, December 4th

9am                Hannu ToivonenCreativity for affective data analysis in the web

10am              Coffee and Posters

11am              Pablo Gervás:  Deconstructing Computer Poets: Process to Services

12noon          Lunch break

2pm                Dan Ventura:  Why the Web Will Make Computational Creativity More Creative and Why It Won't

3pm                Coffee break

3:30pm           Carlo StrapparavaNLP for creative, affective & persuasive language

4:30pm           General Discussion

Call for Posters and Demos

In addition to the invited speakers, we plan to showcase the best of Korean research in Web science and creativity. Please consider submitting a poster or a demo proposal for the event. Contributions should be two-pages in length and sent to KaistCreativeWeb@gmail.com by November 20th at the latest.

Attendance and Registration

Attendance is free to academics, students and industry professionals. In fact, we encourage attendance from anyone with an interest in creativity or the future development of the Web. We aim to achieve a good mix of academics and industry professionals, to foster a productive discussion on the merits and applications of creativity on the Web.

Though attendance is free, registration is mandatory to allow for adequate planning of the event.

Please register your interest in this free event by emailing the organizers at KaistCreativeWeb@gmail.com

To secure your place at this free event, please email us before November 20, 2012.

Our Vision of The Creative Web

Creativity is an elusive phenomenon that organizations put significant effort and resources into fostering, rewarding, retaining, and reproducing on demand. But the systematic harnessing of creativity is complicated by the complex and definition-defying nature of the phenomenon, and the realization that it depends crucially on so many different social, cultural and contextual factors. For these reasons, organizations often out-source their creative needs to external agencies with a track record in creative exploration, idea composition, and in the optimal framing of creative outputs. Such agencies are not so much problem solvers as option providers, leaving the ultimate responsibility for choosing among this diversity of new options to the client. To out-source in this way is not to abdicate creative responsibility, but to broaden the range of choices one can choose from.

Complex software systems share many similarities with large organizations. Each must be well defined, operate in a predictable fashion, and facilitate an efficient and orderly flow of information. But like large organizations, software systems should continuously engage their users and react with grace and agility when faced with unexpected situations. Imagine if systems could out-source their creative needs to an external service with a track record in computational creativity. This service would not be a cadre of creative workers, but a suite of interoperable tools that provide, on demand, the processes and representations that are key to creative thinking. Software systems, like organizations, could thus maintain their well-tested structures and disciplined information-flows, while appealing to outside creative services whenever they need to diversify the range of possibilities (both in form and content) that are available to choose from.

Our vision of a creative web service imagines three kinds of sub-service: discovery services; composition services; and framing services. Each sub-service may rely on different sources of knowledge, but each will use inter-operable data structures and so can call on other sub-services during its operation. The overall architecture is theory-neutral, yet will provide a diversity of theory-informed sub-services that can be composed in any way that suits a client system’s needs.


Discovery services

Documents and domains are containers of knowledge, but this knowledge is more than a simple bag of true-or-false propositions. Rather, knowledge is textured, so that some elements are strongly foregrounded while many others remain implicit, latent or presumed, in the conceptual background. Knowledge that resides at the boundaries of two or more domains may only come to the fore – where it can appear surprising and insightful – when representations of these domains are studied in juxtaposition. Discovery services will mine text corpora for implicit knowledge, and provide bisociative tools for acquiring emergent insights from the crossroads of diverse document sets.


Composition services

Creativity often arises from frame conflict, when one concept is incongruously viewed through the lens of another very different idea. The key to the fruitful exploitation of frame conflict is two-fold: one must first choose which concepts to place into juxtaposition, and then formulate a resonant form for the resulting content. The proposed web architecture will provide services for suggesting, elaborating and comprehending conceptual metaphors, analogies and blends, as well as services for accessing the large store of common-sense world knowledge that these composition services will crucially rely upon.


Framing services

The conceptual conceit that underpins a creative act must be packaged for an audience in a concise, easily appreciable and memorable form, such as a linguistic metaphor, a simile, a joke, a name, a slogan, a short story, a poem, a picture, a piece of music, or a mixture of these forms. Each of these forms may frame the same underlying conceit in very different ways to achieve competing goals (e.g. catchiness, brevity, resonance, wit) for diverse audiences. The proposed web architecture will provide services for framing the outputs of the discovery and composition services in a variety of parameterized forms, from affective analogies to metaphors to poems to stories to pictures to music.


Summary

No architecture for providing creativity on the web can be exhaustively complete, yet any that aims to be credible must provide enough sub-services to be initially useful, while demonstrating the interoperability and extensibility of the infrastructure as a whole. The proposed architecture will leave considerable room for future growth, but will be significantly usable and useful in its initial form, with the provision of core ideation functions such as bisociation, metaphor and blending, and popular framing devices such as poetry, painting and music.